New Religious Movements

“offer a religious or philosophical world-view, or they claim to provide the means by which some higher goal such as transcendent knowledge, spiritual enlightment, self-realisation or ‘true’ develepement may be obtained. The term [“religion”] is, thus, used to cover groups that might provide their members with ultimate answers to fundamental questions (such as the meaning of life or one’s place in the nature of things”).

Barker, 1989: 145